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Contributions in other fields such as mathematics were made by Paul Erdős, Horace Lamb and Alan Turing and in philosophy by Samuel Alexander, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Alasdair Mac Intyre.
The author Anthony Burgess, Pritzker Prize and RIBA Stirling Prize-winning architect Norman Foster and composer Peter Maxwell Davies all attended, or worked at, Manchester.
The University of Manchester is a red brick university, a product of the civic university movement of the late-19th century.Manchester mill owner, Thomas Ashton, chairman of the extension movement had studied at Heidelberg University.Sir Henry Roscoe also studied at Heidelberg under Robert Bunsen and they collaborated for many years on research projects.It is a member of the worldwide Universities Research Association, the Russell Group of British research universities and the N8 Group. In the 2014 Research Assessment Exercise, Manchester was named as the 17th best research institution in the United Kingdom.In 2016-17, the University of Manchester was ranked 55th in the world and 8th in the UK by Times Higher Education World University Rankings, 34th in the world and 7th in the UK by QS World University Rankings, 35th in the world and 5th in the UK by Academic Ranking of World Universities and 59th in the world by U. The University of Manchester has 25 Nobel laureates among its past and present students and staff, the fourth-highest number of any single university in the United Kingdom.
In August 2012, it was announced that the university's Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences had been chosen to be the "hub" location for a new BP International Centre for Advanced Materials, as part of a $100 million initiative to create industry-changing materials.